The social struggle for the integration of people with Down Syndrome in Ibero-America
Today, 21st March, we celebrate the International Day of Down Syndrome. It is a date proposed by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 2011 aiming to raise awareness about the existence of this genetic disorder and the needs surrounding it.
The Ibero-American Health Program for People with Down Syndrome defines it as a ‘more frequent genetic alteration and the foremost diagnosed cause of intellectual disability of congenital origin’.
Imagen cortesía de Notiamérica Europa press
The main characteristic of the disorder is the intellectual disability, always present to a greater or lesser extent, generally variable to a slight-moderate degree. This is due to the presence of fewer neurons and fewer synaptic connections between them in the brain. There is also a higher probability than that of the general population of suffering from several diseases including cardiac, digestive and endocrine. On the other hand, character, personality, motor skills, attention, memory, language and sociability are capabilities that can be affected by this genetic anomaly. However, there are millions of examples of people with Down Syndrome who manage to be self-sufficient globally, thanks to adequate attention, although the prejudices against them make it difficult for them to fully exercise their rights.
That is why every year the Ibero-American Congress for Down Syndrome is celebrated, to address the legislative and political challenges in the field of disabilities with specific organizations related to this topic.
Con la colaboración de Mª VALBUENO , estudiante de Relaciones Internacionales y Traducción e Interpretación y becaria de la Asociación de Corresponsales de Prensa IBEROAMERICANA (ACPI) de la Universidad Pontificia de Comillas.